(1744–95). Edinburgh-born architect who achieved fame with his design for Edinburgh New Town (1766). In 1786 he published Plan for improving the City of Edinburgh. He was the architect of St James Square (1773—demolished), the Palladian Physicians' Hall, George Street (1775—demolished), and the Old Observatory, Calton Hill (1776–92).
From A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference.