James Craig

(1871—1940) prime minister of Northern Ireland

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First prime minister of Northern Ireland. Craig, the son of a millionaire whiskey distiller, was elected as Unionist MP for East Down in 1906. With Carson he led the Ulster Unionist resistance to the third Home Rule Bill. He held junior ministerial office as parliamentary secretary to the Ministry of Pensions (1919–20) and as financial secretary at the Admiralty (1920–1): he influenced the Government of Ireland Act, successfully pressing for a six‐county partition scheme. Despite his standing at Westminster, he accepted the premiership of the newly created Northern Ireland in 1921, holding office until his death in 1940.

Subjects: European History.

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