James Craik


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(1730–1814) physician and military surgeon, born near Dumfries, Scotland. Craik was a friend and physician to George Washington. As a Virginia regimental surgeon during the French and Indian War (1754–63), Craik became friends with George Washington. He cared for Edward Braddock at his death (July 9, 1755), and cared for the wounded, including the Marquis de Lafayette, in many of Washington's major battles. Craik informed Washington of the Conway Cabal, and was a founding member of the Society of the Cincinnati (1783).


From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Warfare and Defence.

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