(d. 321 bc)

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Alexander the Great (356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

Antipater (397—319 bc)


Eumenes (c. 361—316 bc)

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Craterus (c. 321—255 bc)


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(d. 321 bc),

marshal of Alexander 2 the Great. First attested in charge of a Macedonian infantry battalion, he commanded the left of the phalanx at Issus and Gaugamela. After the removal of Philotas and Parmenion, in which he played an unsavoury role, he assumed Parmenion's mantle and commanded numerous independent detachments during the campaigns in Sogdiana and India. At Opis (324) he was appointed viceroy in Europe in Antipater's stead and commissioned to repatriate 10,000 Macedonian veterans. Alexander's death found him in Cilicia, and he could not participate in the Babylon settlement. In 322 he moved to Europe, where his forces were instrumental in winning the Lamian War. A staunch defender of Macedonian tradition, he was intensely popular with the Macedonian rank and file, who cherished his memory.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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