(b New York, 22 Mar. 1813 [or less likely 1814]; d London, 10 Oct. 1857).
American sculptor. He moved to Rome in 1835, studied with Thorvaldsen, and became the most thoroughgoing Neoclassicist among American sculptors of his generation. Although he settled permanently in Rome (one of the first American sculptors to do so), he made visits to his native country and attained an extraordinary reputation there, receiving numerous prestigious public commissions. The most notable is the bronze Armed Liberty on top of the dome of the Capitol in Washington, which was begun in 1855 and set in place in 1863 after Crawford's early death from cancer.