Art magazine published from 1855 until 1861. Founded in New York by William James Stillman (1828–1901), a painter and art critic who later became a journalist, diplomat, and photographer, it soon became the preeminent American voice of the visual arts. John Durand, son of Asher B. Durand, served as co-editor before taking charge in 1856. The magazine popularized the writings of British aesthetician and art critic John Ruskin, as well as the Pre-Raphaelite painting he favored. It also supported the Hudson River School, and by reporting on their activities, fostered a sense of community among American artists. In its final issues, the periodical gave readers a foretaste of the later nineteenth century's subjective and imaginative aesthetic.