A structure developed from a joint project initiated in 2001 by the Higher Education Funding Council for Wales and the Further Education Funding Council for Wales (since merged with the Assembly Department of Education) to cover all post‐16 learning. From 2005 all accredited learning, including mainstream qualifications offered in Wales, has gradually been brought into a single unifying structure, the CQFW. The Framework merges the concepts of volume of learning achievements (credit) and the demands made by the learning on the learner (level) to create a system that is able to embrace all types and styles of learning. Major objectives are to assist in removing barriers to progression, to allow the accumulation of credits to meet the needs of individuals, and to offer parity in the recognition of achievement for learners of all ages, whether they are learning in the workplace, in the community, or at school, college, or university. See also Wales, education in.