Mathieu Criard


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(b ?Brussels, 1689; d Paris, 30 Jan 1776). French cabinetmaker of Flemish origin from the most prominent of a family of ébénistes. He worked independently before becoming a maître-ébéniste on 29 July 1738 His extant works, stamped with his mark m criaerd, include luxurious furniture, in general characterized by very turbulent forms and exuberant, fantastic decoration. Chequered marquetry or, more rarely, floral marquetry was used, as well as some varnished panels, either imitating Chinese lacquer or in vernis Martin with European decoration. In particular, he made beautiful commodes, including one (Versailles, Château) for the Dauphin's Cabinet de Retraite, which is typical of his work, as is the commode (Paris, Louvre) decorated with blue and silvered-bronze birds made for Madame de Mailly.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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