Crickley Hill, Gloucestershire, England

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A multi‐period hilltop enclosure used intermittently from about 4000 bc onwards. The hilltop is a triangular‐shaped spur of some 3.8 ha, and has seemingly not been ploughed since prehistoric times. Extensive excavations were carried out on the site between 1969 and 1993 by Philip Dixon. The earliest main phase of occupation was a causewayed enclosure. After being rebuilt several times this was completely remodelled as a defended enclosure in its latest phase. The site was abandoned in the middle Neolithic, after being attacked and razed. A long mound was built over the top of the infilled enclosure boundaries. There is some slight evidence for Beaker occupation on the hilltop, but the site was not reoccupied until the construction of an Iron Age hillfort in the 7th century bc. Several phases of rebuilding have been recorded at this structure, each associated with the destruction of the existing fortifications. The site was again abandoned in the 3rd century bc, and was not subsequently reoccupied on a large scale again.


P. Dixon, 1979, A Neolithic and Iron Age site on a hill top in southern England. Scientific American, 241(5), 142–50

Subjects: Archaeology.

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