(1791–1849) inspector general of the U.S. Army (1825–45), born near Louisville, Kentucky. Croghan fought at Tippecanoe (1811). In the War of 1812, he defended Fort Stephenson, in defiance of Gen. William Henry Harrison's orders to evacuate and burn the fort; and he repulsed a much larger British and Indian force (August 1–2, 1813). On yearly inspection tours as inspector general, Croghan gained a reputation for intoxication and gambling and was court-martialed in 1845.
From The Oxford Essential Dictionary of the U.S. Military in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Warfare and Defence.