Cros, Henri


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(b Narbonne, 16 Nov 1840; d Sèvres, 20 Jan 1907). French sculptor and writer. Between 1869 and 1880 he researched techniques of making sculpture in polychromed wax, and produced 12 works in this medium. His investigations into the way wax had been used in earlier art culminated in a study, undertaken in collaboration with the scientist Charles Henry, of the use of encaustic in the ancient world. From the mid-1880s Cros became interested in another ancient technique, that of making polychrome sculpture and decorative objects from fired glasspaste imbued with metal oxides. He sought State sponsorship for his research and was rewarded in 1891 by being provided with a studio at the Sèvres Porcelain Factory, for the production of pâte de verre sculpture and decorative work, notably vases and imitations of antique carved gems

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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