(late 5th cent. bc) of Cnidus,
Greek doctor at the court of Artaxerxes 2 II, who wrote a history of Persia in 23 books, consisting mostly of romantic stories, based on either oral traditions or court gossip, and now preserved only in fragments. Ctesias' claim that he consulted the royal records is not corroborated by the information he gives. Both in antiquity and modern times his work has been found unreliable, albeit entertaining. He also wrote the first separate work on India.
Subjects: Classical Studies.