cumulative vote

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Lewis Carroll (1832—1898) author, mathematician, and photographer


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A voting procedure in which voters have more than one vote in a multicandidate election and may choose to give one vote to each of several candidates or to give more than one to some. Used in some school boards in nineteenth‐century England. If everybody votes sincerely, it may be used to judge the intensity of voters' feelings about the candidates. But, as pointed out by C. L. Dodgson (Lewis Carroll), it is very vulnerable to manipulation. If any voter is tempted to ‘plump’ for (give all his or her votes to) a favourite candidate to maximize that candidate's chances, then every rational voter must, and cumulative vote degenerates to single non‐transferable vote.

Subjects: Politics.

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