Cumbrian club

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Lily Frances Chitty (1893—1979) archaeologist and antiquary


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A term given by Lily Chitty to a distinctive type of large polished stone axe of middle Neolithic date made in the Lake District of northwest England. Also known as a ‘Cumbrian‐type’ stone axe. The main features of a Cumbrian club are its large size (150–380 mm long), broad‐butted form, long, narrow proportions, its maximum width more or less in the middle of its length, and a distinct ‘waisting’ or constriction towards the butt end. All known examples are made of Langdale tuff (Group VI), examples being traded out from the Lake District to most other parts of the British Isles. The large size of these implements suggests they are ceremonial, prestige, or display objects.

Subjects: Archaeology.

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