Peter Cunningham

(1789—1864) naval surgeon and pioneer in Australia

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(1789–1864), born Dumfries, Scotland, became a surgeon in the Royal Navy; between 1819 and 1828 he made five voyages to NSW as surgeon-superintendent in convict transports. In 1825 he took up land on the Hunter River and in 1827 published Two Years in New South Wales, a combination of memoirs, experiences and information for intending immigrants. In 1830 he returned to England and in 1841 published a further work, Hints for Australian Emigrants, in which he urged the use of irrigation for farming in dry areas, he himself having been driven from his Hunter River property in 1830 by a severe drought.

From The Oxford Companion to Australian Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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