New Zealand poet and critic, born at Timaru. After working as a journalist he taught in the English department at the University of Auckland from 1951 to 1976. From an early stage he was seen to be an important figure in the creation of a truly New Zealand poetry. His first significant book, Not in Narrow Seas (1939), was followed by several others in the 1940s; and his editing of A Book of New Zealand Verse (1945; rev. 1951) and then The Penguin Book of New Zealand Verse (1960) was both influential and controversial. An increasingly prolific and audacious writer, since the 1970s he has been recognized not only as his country's leading poet but as a poet with an international reputation. Early Days Yet: New and Collected Poems 1941–1997 appeared in 1997.