(1808–64), Syriac scholar. Educated at Christ Church, Oxford, he was ordained in 1831, became a sub-librarian of the Bodleian Library in 1834, and from 1837 to 1849 was on the staff of the British Museum. There it was Cureton's task to catalogue the Syriac MSS brought back from the Nitrian monasteries by H. Tattam. Among his discoveries were the Syriac text of three of St Ignatius's Epistles (to Polycarp, to the Eph., and to the Rom.; published 1845), which he argued were the only genuine ones (a position no longer held); the ‘Curetonian’ Old Syriac text of the Gospels (published 1858); and the ‘Festal Letters’ of Athanasius (published 1848).
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.