Cyanidioschyzon merolae

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Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Mitochondrial Localization of Ferrochelatase in a Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Complete Sequence and Analysis of the Plastid Genome of the Unicellular Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Polyethylene Glycol (PEG)-Mediated Transient Gene Expression in a Red Alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D

The Minimal Eukaryotic Ribosomal DNA Units in the Primitive Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Expression of Cyanobacterial Acyl-ACP Reductase Elevates the Triacylglycerol Level in the Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Abscisic Acid Participates in the Control of Cell Cycle Initiation Through Heme Homeostasis in the Unicellular Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Improvement of Culture Conditions and Evidence for Nuclear Transformation by Homologous Recombination in a Red Alga, Cyanidioschyzon merolae 10D

The primitive rhodophyte Cyanidioschyzon merolae contains a semiamylopectin-type, but not an amylose-type, α-glucan

Identification of a triple ring structure involved in plastid division in the primitive red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Algae Sense Exact Temperatures: Small Heat Shock Proteins Are Expressed at the Survival Threshold Temperature in Cyanidioschyzon merolae and Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Localization and Phylogenetic Analysis of Enzymes Related to Organellar Genome Replication in the Unicellular Rhodophyte Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Structure and organization of the mitochondrial genome of the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae deduced from the complete nucleotide sequence

Photorespiratory glycolate oxidase is essential for the survival of the red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae under ambient CO2 conditions

External Light Conditions and Internal Cell Cycle Phases Coordinate Accumulation of Chloroplast and Mitochondrial Transcripts in the Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Periodic Gene Expression Patterns during the Highly Synchronized Cell Nucleus and Organelle Division Cycles in the Unicellular Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae

Nitrate Assimilatory Genes and Their Transcriptional Regulation in a Unicellular Red Alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae: Genetic Evidence for Nitrite Reduction by a Sulfite Reductase-Like Enzyme

The nuclear-encoded sigma factor SIG4 directly activates transcription of chloroplast psbA and ycf17 genes in the unicellular red alga Cyanidioschyzon merolae


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A red alga about 2 mμ in diameter that inhabits sulfate-rich hot springs (pH 1.5, 45° C). The whole-genome shotgun (WGS) assembly (q.v.) method has been used to determine its nuclear genome. This contains 16,520,305 bp of DNA distributed among 20 chromosomes. The genome is unique in that only 26 of its 5,331 genes contain introns. C. merolae has the smallest genome of all photosynthetic eukaryotes so far studied. This protoctist also has the smallest set of rRNA genes known for any eukaryote. Each cell contains one mitochondrion and one chloroplast. Both organelles have had their DNAs sequenced, and the mitochondrion contains 32,211 bp and the chloroplast 149,987 bp of DNA. See Classification, Protoctista, Rhodophyta; Chronology, Matsuzaki et al.; Genome Sizes and Gene Numbers; division rings, dynamin.

Subjects: Genetics and Genomics.

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