A planned training programme in which the year is divided into cycles, often of different duration. Each cycle has a different purpose. The training programme usually starts with a cycle devoted to general conditioning, then it gradually progresses through cycles of increasing intensity in which training becomes more specifically directed towards the targeted activity. Macrocycles are the main periods of training, e.g. off-season, pre-season, competition, and recovery (transition) cycles. Mesocycles are phases of training within macrocycles. There might be a mesocycle for general conditioning, another for strength training, and a third for speed work. Microcycles refer to daily and weekly training sessions and are described in terms of the type of exercise, its intensity and duration. Cycle training is the US equivalent of periodization.
Subjects: Medicine and Health.