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Cylon


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An Athenian nobleman; winner at Olympia, perhaps in 640 bc. He married the daughter of Theagenēs, tyrant of Megara, and with his help and a few friends seized the Acropolis at Athens, with a view to a tyranny, in an Olympic year (632?, see olympic games). The masses, however, did not follow him, and he was besieged. He himself escaped; his friends surrendered and, though suppliants at an altar, were killed. Hence arose the curse, which attached to those said to be responsible, esp. to Megaclēs the archon (see archontes) and his family, the Alcmaeonids.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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