Related Overviews

Diogenes (c. 400—325 bc) Greek philosopher

Socrates (469—399 bc)


Alexander the Great (356—323 bc) king of Macedon 336–323

See all related overviews in Oxford Index » »


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Classical Studies


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

A member of a school of ancient Greek philosophers founded by Antisthenes, marked by an ostentatious contempt for ease and pleasure. The movement flourished in the 3rd century bc and revived in the 1st century ad.

The name is recorded in English from the mid 16th century, and comes via Latin cynicus, from Greek kunikos. It probably comes originally from Kunosarges, the name of a gymnasium where Antisthenes taught, but was popularly taken to mean ‘doglike, churlish’, from the nickname (Kōn ‘the dog’) for Diogenes, the most famous of the Cynics.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

Reference entries

See all related reference entries in Oxford Index »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.