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Tyrant of Corinth, traditionally (and probably in fact) c.657–627 bc. He overthrew the aristocracy of the Bacchiads, and established the earliest tyrant dynasty (see tyranny), and one of the longest lasting. The Bacchiads treated him as one of them, though his father was not; that enabled him to exploit discontent with their exclusive control. He drew active support only from rich Corinthians, but his popularity is reflected in Aristotle's view that he became tyrant ‘through demagogy’ (see demagogues): he had no bodyguard i.e. (perhaps) did not need one. His most important achievement was to remove the Bacchiads: we hear little of his actions in power. He founded colonies in NW Greece with his bastard sons as founders and tyrants, and established a long‐lasting Corinthian interest there: the most important was Ambracia.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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