A general term for drugs that kill cells, but more specifically for drugs used in the treatment of cancer that are more or less selective for rapidly proliferating cells. They include alkylating drugs, cytotoxic antibiotics (e.g. doxorubicin, bleomycin), antimetabolites, and antimitotic drugs (eleutherobin, maytansine, taxanes, vinca alkaloids). Other examples are bakuchiol, camptothecin, cisplatin, equisetin, gemcitabine, hadacidin, hexacyclinic acid, kosinostatin, pentostatin, psoralidin, reticulol, and rottlerin.
Subjects: Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics.