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dairying


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dairying

dairying

dairying

PORTER, Joseph William Geoffrey (1920 - 1983), Director, National Institute for Research in Dairying, since 1978

WILLIAMS, Robert Stenhouse (1871 - 1932), Research Professor in Dairy Bacteriology, University of Reading; Director of National Institute for Research in Dairying, Shinfield, Reading

CROSSLEY, Eric Lomax (1903 - 1982), Professor of Dairying, University of Reading, 1947–68, later Professor Emeritus

FOLLEY, Sydney John (1906 - 1970), Head of Physiology Department, National Institute for Research in Dairying, Shinfield, Berks, since 1945; Research Professor, University of Reading, since 1964

BASKETT, Ronald (1901 - 1972), Secretary, Agricultural Research Council, since 1971; Director of the National Institute for Research in Dairying and Research Professor, Reading University, 1959–67, now Professor Emeritus

Sally McMurry. Transforming Rural Life: Dairying Families and Agricultural Change, 1820–1885. (Revisiting Rural America.) Baltimore, Md.: Johns Hopkins University Press. 1995. Pp. xii, 291

Transforming Rural Life: Dairying Families and Agricultural Change, 1820–1885. By Sally McMurry. (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. xiv, 291 pp. $39.95, ISBN 0-8018-4889-X.)

Preserving the Family Farm: Women, Communityy and the Foundations of Agribusiness in the Midwest, 1900–1940. By Mary Neth (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995, xiii) and Transforming Rural Life: Dairying Families and Agricultural Change, 1820–1885. By Sally McMurry (Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1995. xii)

 

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The dairying industry became an increasingly important sector of the agricultural economy in the later 17th century. Joan Thirsk, England's Agricultural Regions and Agrarian History, 1500–1750 (1987), indicates the specialist dairying areas at that time. The trade in butter grew rapidly in the late 17th and 18th centuries, alongside that of cheese. It was a particular feature of the northern Vale of York and south Durham, with exports through the river ports at Stockton and Yarm, where the vernacular architecture reflects the prosperity of that period. See also John Broad, ‘Regional Perspectives and Variations in English Dairying, 1650–1850’, in R. W. Hoyle (ed.), People, Landscape and Alternative Agriculture: Essays for Joan Thirsk (Agricultural History Review, suppl., 3 (2004).

See G. E. Mingay (ed.), The Agrarian History of England and Wales, vi: 1750–1850 (1989), for further growth in sales of butter, cheese, and milk from town dairies. Many farms in the neighbourhood of industrial towns began to specialize in milk production. The railways had an enormous influence on milk sales. See Christine Hallas, ‘Supply Responsiveness in Dairy Farming: Some Regional Considerations’, Agricultural History Review, 39/1 (1991), which discusses the impact of the railway in Wensleydale in the late 19th century. See also David Taylor, ‘Growth and Structural Change in the English Dairy Industry, c.1860–1930’, Agricultural History Review, 35/1 (1987). Joanna Bourke, ‘Dairywomen and Affectionate Wives: Women in the Irish Dairy Industry, 1890–1914’, Agricultural History Review, 38/2 (1990), demonstrates the importance of milking and butter‐making in the rural Irish economy, and shows how work that was once everywhere in the hands of women became dominated by men working in creameries. See also Deborah Valenze, ‘The Art of Women and the Business of Men: Women's Work and the Dairy Industry, c.1740–1840’, Past and Present, 130 (1991).

Subjects: History.


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