Lawyer and statesman. Like his father, Dalrymple was in disfavour during the early 1680s and was twice imprisoned in Edinburgh castle. But in 1687 James VII appointed him king's advocate [S] and the following year lord justice clerk [S] and a lord of Session. Nevertheless he gave strong support to William of Orange and was reappointed king's advocate 1689–92. From 1690 he was also secretary of state in Scotland, but was obliged to resign his offices for authorizing the massacre of Glencoe. Anne promoted him to the earldom of Stair in 1703, and he took an active part in bringing about the Union.
Subjects: British History.