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Pericles (c. 495—429 bc) Athenian statesman and general

Socrates (469—399 bc)

Plato (c. 429—347 bc)

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Pioneering Athenian musicologist, pupil of Prodicus and teacher of Pericles, admired by Socrates and Plato. He is said to have invented the ‘relaxed Lydian’ attunement. His views on music's political significance, and on ethical effects of various rhythms (probably also of harmoniai, ‘attunements’) are reflected in Plato, Republic 3. Damon was ostracized in the 440s bc.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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