Grassroots Malaysian Islamic dawah movement founded in 1968 by Shaykh Imam Ashari Muhammad al-Tamimi. Aims to revive Islamic religious belief and values for comprehensive practice in everyday life. Emphasizes self-assessment, self-correction, and formation of the Islamic personality. Uses the Sufi teacher-disciple bond to reinforce obedience to leadership. Sponsors lectures, concerts, and cultural shows, publishes books, magazines, and newspapers, and produces videos and cassette tapes showing the Islamic way of life. Expanded to an international arena in 1979 through missionary programs and diplomatic contacts. Has established self-contained Islamic villages throughout Malaysia to demonstrate the viability of the Islamic sociopolitical and economic system. Operates schools, clinics, businesses, agricultural complexes, and advertising and service agencies.