Egyptian university established in 1872 to train teachers of modern subjects. Offered a mix of religious and secular subjects. Initially recruited students from the mosque-university of al-Azhar and preferred learning by rote memorization; eventually modernist ulama and laymen moved it in new directions. Had its budget deliberately restricted during the era of British control to prevent challenges to London's rule by modern-educated Egyptians. Never lost its hybrid quality as an institution influenced by both al-Azhar and the state but did eventually lose its rationale as Egypt's public universities began to train teachers. Merged with Cairo University.
See also Deobandis