North African Sufi reformer and preacher. Stressed noninvolvement in worldly affairs and spoke against other Sufi orders exploiting claims of barakah (blessings). Was imprisioned by the Moroccan ruler Mawlay Suleyman (r. 1792–1822) for supporting revolts against the throne; released by Abd al-Rahman (r. 1822–1859). A Sufi order was organized around his teachings after his death, with members coming from a wide range of social groups; though once the most important tariqah in Morocco, its power waned as it spread throughout North Africa.
See also Darqawi Tariqah