Revivalist branch of the Shadhili tariqah, originally emphasizing emotional fervor and the contemplative life as exemplified by wandering dervishes. Most widespread, largest, and most influential tariqah in North Africa, branching into derivatives. Established by followers of Ahmad al-Arabi al-Darqawi after his death. Opposed to the exploitation and abuse of barakah by established orders and the excessive repetition of prayers. Promoted the restoration of communication with God through ecstasy achieved via a combination of prayer and dance. Became an important politico-religious movement opposed to Ottoman rule in North Africa. Hostile to contemporary Tijani order. Allowed women to serve in leadership positions.
See also Shadhili Tariqah