(1831–1902), Scottish OT scholar. He belonged to the Free Church of Scotland and was educated at Marischal College, Aberdeen, and at New College, Edinburgh. At the latter he became assistant professor of Hebrew in 1858 and professor of Hebrew and Oriental languages in 1863. He was one of the first to introduce historical methods of OT exegesis into Scotland, and though his own dogmatic orthodoxy was seldom challenged, that of several of his pupils, who carried his principles a stage further, notably W. R. Smith, was fiercely contested. His writings include An Introductory Hebrew Grammar (1874); commentaries on Job (1884), Ezekiel (1892), and Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah (1896), in the ‘Cambridge Bible’; The Theology of the Old Testament, ed. S. D. F. Salmond (1904); and a large number of articles in J. Hastings's Dictionary of the Bible. He was also a member of the OT Revision Committee.
From The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church in Oxford Reference.