poet and critic, educated at Cambridge where he was much influenced by the ethos of F. R. Leavis and the Cambridge English school. His critical work Purity of Diction in English Verse (1952) expressed many of the anti‐Romantic, anti‐Bohemian ideals of the Movement and of his fellow contributors to New Lines. His volumes of poetry include Bridges of Reason (1955), A Winter Talent (1957), Essex Poems (1969), and In the Stopping Train (1977); collected poems appeared in 1972, 1983, and 2002. His poems are philosophical, speculative, and erudite, manifesting a mind that (in his own phrase) ‘moves most easily and happily among abstractions’, yet they also vividly evoke the various landscapes of his travels and academic appointments in different parts of the world. A Travelling Man (2003) is a collection of essays on 18th‐cent. literature.