Painter. A landscape specialist, he is known especially for views of the Connecticut countryside. He also painted French scenes and early in his career produced figure paintings. His landscapes demonstrate particular attention to skies and cloud formations. Born in Amesbury, Massachusetts, north of Boston, he painted in his free time after leaving school at fifteen to work for a carriage maker. He attended drawing classes in Boston before beginning his professional training there in 1877 at the School of the Museum of Fine Arts. Subsequently he resided for nearly a decade in France. He worked at the Académie Julian in Paris during his first year but afterward painted scenes of Normandy and the Barbizon area. Upon his return to the United States in 1890, he settled permanently in Mystic, on the Connecticut shore. Until the mid-1890s, his intimate, softly lit, Barbizon-inspired views contributed to the vogue for tonalism. Later, this meditative and subtle approach gave way to impressionist interests, as his brushwork became more vigorous and his colors brightened.