King David (d. c.962 bc), king of Judah and Israel. In the biblical account he was the youngest son of Jesse, who killed the Philistine Goliath and, on Saul's death, became king, making Jerusalem his capital; he was the father of Absalom and (by his marriage with Bathsheba), Solomon. He is traditionally regarded as the author of the Psalms, though this has been disputed.
It was a traditional Jewish belief that the Messiah would be descended from David, and in Matthew 9:27 two blind men seeking healing from Jesus address him as ‘Son of David’.
St David (6th century), Welsh monk, who since the 12th century has been regarded as the patron saint of Wales. Little is known of his life, but it is generally accepted that he transferred the centre of Welsh ecclesiastical administration from Caerleon to Mynyw (now St David's); he also established a number of monasteries and churches. His feast day is 1 March.
Subjects: Biblical Studies.