(b Alton, Ill., 1926; d Santa Monica, Calif., 1991).
Amer. jazz trumpeter and flügel horn player. Began playing at 13. Went to NY, playing with Charlie Parker, Coleman Hawkins, and Billy Eckstine. After success at Newport Jazz Fest. 1955 formed own quintet which lasted until 1957. In 1960s and 1970s led series of small groups. Noted for restraint and lyricism of his playing and for his consistently progressive approach, leading him to electronics and hard rock.