Irish poet, scholar, and novelist, born in Derry and educated at Queen's University, Belfast, and Cambridge. His many works of criticism include Celtic Revivals (1985) and The French Revolution and Enlightenment in England 1789–1832 (1988). He is the general editor of the Field Day Anthology of Irish Writing 550–1988 (1991). In his three collections of poetry, Gradual Wars (1972), Rumours (1977), and History Lessons (1983), Deane focuses often on the political and social landscape of Northern Ireland. These themes are beautifully realized in his autobiographical novel Reading in the Dark (1996), which recreates his native Derry of the 1940s and 1950s, a place haunted by the Troubles and hidden tragedies.