(b. 7 Mar. 1894, d. 5 Jan. 1955).
French Fascist He left the Socialist Party (SFIO) in 1933 to co‐found the Socialist Party of France. In 1938, he supported the Munich Agreement, and in 1939 opposed entering war over the city of Danzig. During the 1930s, he turned increasingly towards Fascism, and during the German occupation he became one of the leading opponents of what he considered to be Marshal Pétain's ‘moderation’. He founded the Popular National Assembly (RNP) in January 1941 but was unable to rally all French Fascists behind it. He failed to win German support for his aim, but was made Minister of Labour in March 1944 instead. After the war he fled to an Italian monastery, so his death sentence was never carried out.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).