(1883–1965), Australian geologist and geographer. Debenham's father was a vicar and schoolmaster at Bowral, New South Wales, where Debenham was born. He graduated from Sydney University with two degrees, being selected not long afterward to join the British Antarctic (Terra Nova) expedition (1910–1913), led by Captain Robert Falcon Scott, as junior geologist. During two Antarctic summer seasons, Debenham accompanied a geological party under T. Griffith Taylor, another Australian, doing fieldwork among the Western Mountains of Victoria Land. One of the glaciers there was named after Debenham. Captain Scott wrote of Debenham as a “well-trained, steady worker, with a quiet meaning that carries conviction; he realizes the conception of thoroughness and conscientiousness.” The experience Debenham gained in mapping gave him an interest in cartography and survey that influenced his later career.
From The Oxford Companion to World Exploration in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: World History.