(b. 19 Mar. 1866, d. 11 Jan. 1944).
Italian Fascist A commander of the 9th Army Corps during World War I, he turned to Fascism in 1922 and participated in the March on Rome. He was in charge of public security (1922–4), but had to resign following Matteotti's assassination. He became Governor of Libya in 1925, and Minister for Colonies in 1929, in which office he lead the invasion of Ethiopia in 1935 only to be quickly replaced by Badoglio. Increasingly sceptical of Mussolini's leadership, in 1943 he joined the majority of the Fascist Grand Council when it voted to depose him. He was captured by Mussolini's supporters in the Republic of Salò and executed.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).