1. (deep grammar) In linguistics, following Chomsky, a fundamental abstract level of grammatical organization underlying the surface structure of sentences, which are generated by applying transformational rules to such structures: see also transformation.
2. (macrostructure) By analogy, in structuralist theory, fundamental patterns underlying the ‘surface features’ of other sign systems, notably: for Lévi-Strauss in myth, kinship rules, and totemism; for Lacan in the unconscious; for Barthes and Greimas in the ‘grammar’ of narrative.
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