A qualification awarded by a university or other institution of higher education to candidates who have successfully completed a course of studies. Degrees are awarded at foundation level (foundation degree), undergraduate level (bachelor's degree), postgraduate level (master's degree), and doctorate level. In Scotland most undergraduate university students embark on a four‐year degree, at the end of which they will achieve a master's degree of MA or M.Sc. Students also have the option to complete their studies at the end of the third year, however; in which case successful candidates will receive a bachelor's degree (BA or B.Sc.) or may be awarded an ordinary or general degree.