free-born black of the present West Virginia, who published a newspaper in Pittsburgh, assisted Frederick Douglass with his journal, attended Harvard Medical School for a year before issuing The Condition, Elevation, Emigration, and Destiny of the Colored People of the United States (1852), which argues for emigration of blacks to a state of their own creation. His novel Blake: or The Huts of America, serialized partly (1859) and fully (1861–62), was first issued as a book in 1970. It deals with a West Indian kidnapped into U.S. slavery who escapes to plot an insurrection in his homeland. Delany was the first black major in the U.S. army during the Civil War. Principia of Ethnology (1878) is a defense of blacks' intelligence and achievements.