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German family of sculptors. Peter Dell I (b Würzburg, c. 1490; d Würzburg, 1552) was the leading sculptor in Würzburg during the second quarter of the 16th century and was documented as a pupil of Tilman Riemenschneider sometime between 1505 and 1510. His style owes more, however, to the powerful monumentality of Hans Leinberger, who probably employed him as an apprentice in Landshut around 1515. Before returning to Würzburg in 1534, Dell probably worked in Regensburg (c. 1520–21), the Lower Main River area (1520s) and Freiberg, Saxony (1528–33). While in Freiberg, he carved at least four lime-wood reliefs, of the Crucifixion, Resurrection and Holy Teaching (all Dresden, Grünes Gewölbe) and the Fall of the Rebel Angels (untraced), for Henry, Duke of Saxony (reg 1539–41). Other religious reliefs by Dell are in Berlin, Nuremberg and Stuttgart. Dell was also an important portrait sculptor; his small wooden portrait reliefs include Wolfhart von Werensdorff (1528; priv. col.), the allegorical two-sided plaquette of Jakob Woler (1529; Munich) and the pearwood portrait of Georg Knaurer (1537; art market). In contrast to these, he also carved many large stone funerary monuments, armorials and free-standing Crucifixions. His monuments, for example those to Paul Fuchs (d 1540) and Bishop Konrad von Bibra (d 1544) in Würzburg Cathedral, tend to be simple in design with a deeply carved central relief of the donor kneeling before the crucified Christ, a clear display of armorials and inscriptions, and a Renaissance frame. The formula was inspired in part by the monument to Konrad von Thungen, Bishop of Würzburg (d 1540) by the Eichstätt sculptor Loy Hering. Peter Dell II (b ?Würzburg; d ?Würzburg, 1600), the son of Peter Dell I, became a master sculptor in 1551 and ran the family's shop until his death. Over 40 monuments are attributed to him. His finest, for example that to Bishop Melchior Zobel (1558) in Würzburg Cathedral, are close in style to those by his father but have more richly ornamented frames. Like his father, Peter Dell II frequently signed his work with the monogram pd.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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