(b Livorno, 17 June 1822; d La Garenne-Colombes, nr Paris, 28 Nov 1907). Italian baritone. He studied with Galeffi and made his début at San Casciano in 1851 as Nabucco, repeating the role shortly afterwards at Pistoia. The following year he appeared at Florence in Rigoletto and in 1855 at the Cannobiana, Milan, in I puritani and Federico Ricci's Corrado d'Altamura. He sang at La Scala in 1859 and made his London début in 1861 at the Lyceum Theatre as Luna (Il trovatore). He also sang Renato in the first London performance of Un ballo in maschera, a part he repeated at the Théâtre Italien, Paris, and at Covent Garden in 1862. His other roles included Gioachino Rossini's Figaro, Malatesta (Don Pasquale), Plumkett (Martha), Germont (La traviata) and Don Giovanni. From 1867 to 1871 he taught singing at the Paris Conservatoire. Although his voice was small, his style and musicianship were regarded as outstanding. He wrote two treatises on singing (1876, 1886) as well as the book Riflessioni sulle cause della decadenza della scuola di canto in Italia (Paris, 1881).
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.