(b. 20 July 1925).
President of the EC Commission 1985–94 Following a university degree in economics he worked for the Bank of France (1945–61), while also being active in the Christian trade‐union movement. Delors joined the French Socialist Party in 1974 and became Mitterrand's spokesperson for economic affairs. Following the latter's election victory in 1981, he became his powerful minister of economics and finance. Under his presidency of the European Commission the EC changed beyond recognition. He was the architect of major structural reforms which entailed an overhaul of the EC's finances and agricultural policies, as well as the introduction of qualified majority voting. With the backing of Kohl and Mitterrand, Delors promoted European integration through the Single European Act and the Maastricht Treaty. He enjoyed considerable popularity in continental Europe, and was widely tipped to become a candidate in the French presidential elections of 1995, as polls indicated that he stood by far the best chance of winning. However, he decided to retire and has since been active promoting the ideals of the Maastricht Treaty.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — Politics.