(b Paris, 12 Jan. 1888; d Orbetello, 5 or 15 April 1954). French music administrator and composer. He studied composition at the Paris Conservatoire with Henri Busser and in 1913 shared the Prix de Rome with Lili Boulanger. He was seriously wounded during the war and took some years to recover, but in 1931 was appointed director of the Versailles Conservatoire. In 1941 he succeeded Henri Rabaud at the Paris Conservatoire and proved to be an inspiring and innovatory director. In 1943 he formed the orchestra Les Cadets du Conservatoire to prevent the institution's best players being deported to Germany and commissioned up-and-coming composers, including Messiaen, Jolivet, and Dutilleux, to write test pieces for a number of the final concours. His own music, lacking any marked individuality, has not stood the test of time. But after his death in a car crash, his administrative gifts at the Conservatoire were greatly missed.
From The Oxford Companion to Music in Oxford Reference.