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Eurypontid king of Sparta (reigned c.515–491 bc). He twice obstructed his Agiad co‐king Cleomenes I. Dethroned on a false charge of illegitimacy manipulated through Delphi by Cleomenes, he Medized by fleeing to Darius I. He accompanied Xerxes in 480, presumably in hopes of recovering his throne, but served in Herodotus as a tragic warner of his city's die‐hard resistance. Demaratus was rewarded for his services to Persia with four cities in Troas.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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