(b 1759; d 1798). French furniture-maker (menuisier) who worked primarily for the court. His best-known chairs, typically in inlaid mahogany, had Marie-Antoinette's monogram on their pierced backs. He is the likely designer of the Montgolfier chair, which has a wooden splat shaped like a hot air balloon (Fr. Montgolfière); the chair was designed to mark the inaugural flight in 1784 of the balloon designed by the Montgolfier brothers.
From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.