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The English form of a Greek word meaning ‘craftsman’, used of the Divine Being by Plato in his account of the formation of the visible world, and so by Greek Christian writers of God as the Creator of all things. The Gnostics used the word disparagingly of the inferior deity to whom they ascribed the origin of the material universe, distinguishing him from the supreme God. In its English form the word is commonly used in reference to this Gnostic doctrine.

Subjects: Christianity.

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