(d. 413 bc)

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(d. 413 bc),

Athenian general. After an unsuccessful invasion of Aetolia in 426 he won two brilliant victories against a Peloponnesian and Ambraciot army invading Amphilochia. In 425 his occupation of Pylos led to a most valuable success, the capture of a body of Spartan hoplites on the adjacent island of Sphacteria. He surprised Nisaea in 424, but failed to take Megara, and in a triple attack on Boeotia, for which he was perhaps responsible, he was unable to land troops at Siphae, since the enemy was forewarned. He was not again entrusted with a major command until 413 when he was sent to reinforce Nicias at Syracuse. After failing to regain Epipolae by a night attack, he urged withdrawal from Syracuse, which was delayed until the Athenians had lost control of the sea and were driven to attempt escape by land. The rearguard, led by Demosthenes, surrendered on the sixth day, and he was later put to death.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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